Positive community or media campaigns are more effective in raising consumption of healthy foods – by creating a social “norm” — than punitive food taxes or fast food outlet zoning restrictions are in reducing consumption of unhealthy foods, according to a study in the American Journal of Public Health. The Center’s Onyebuchi Arah is co-author.
The study found that a 20 percent increase in taxes on fast foods would lower the probability of fast-food consumption by 3 percentage points, but improving the visibility of the positive benefits of eating healthy by 10 percent could improve the consumption of fruits and vegetables by 7 percentage points and lower fast-food consumption by 6 percentage points. Zoning policies had no significant impact on fast food consumption, according to the study.
Read the study.
At a Proposition 46 debate at Southwestern Law School, the Center’s Dylan Roby said states with caps on noneconomic damages for medical malpractice have lower medical malpractice premiums than states without caps, but those caps make no difference in overall healthcare spending, the Los Angeles Times reports.
According to the state voter’s guide, California Proposition 46 — the Medical Malpractice Lawsuits Cap and Drug Testing of Doctors Initiative — would do the following:
- Increase the current $250,000 pain and suffering cap in medical negligence lawsuits to $1.1 million, with annual adjustments for inflation.
- Require hospitals to test certain doctors for alcohol and drug use.
- Require health practitioners to consult a state patient drug history database before prescribing controlled substances.
Read the story, or watch the law school’s debate video.
Nearly 1.3 million women in California – 9 percent of the state’s adult females– experience serious psychological distress (SPD) in a given year, according to a new Public Health Institute policy brief that uses data from the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS).
The study’s authors, including Center Faculty Associate Roberta Wyn, found that half the women also suffer from chronic medical conditions — asthma, heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and stroke — yet 1 in 4 don’t receive mental health care. The authors suggest that passage of the Affordable Care Act should help improve access to care.
Using CHIS data from 2011-12, the study found that one in 10 women age 18-44 said they had SPD. The poorest women (0-199 percent of FPL) were more than twice as likely to report SPD compared with women at 400 percent of FPL (12.5 percent compared to 5.9 percent), and single women with children had significantly higher rates of SPD than women in other family structures.
Read the policy brief.
Ninez Ponce, the Center’s Associate Director and Director of the UCLA Center for Global and Immigrant Health, will be part of the 1st Annual Global Health Symposium on Youth Engagement at the Sustainable Earth Decathlon 2014 tomorrow at Metro Headquarters in downtown Los Angeles.
Other policy, practice, and research leaders scheduled to be on the panel:
- Senator Kevin deLeon, California Senate President pro Tempore
- Wm. Jahmal Miller, Deputy Director, CDPH-Office of Health Equity
- Piyachat Terrell, Program Officer, US EPA – Pathway
Event information here.
A new report from the Lucile Packard Foundation finds California’s Latino children raised in primarily Spanish-speaking households trail behind Latino and white children in primarily English-speaking households in terms of health access, educational attainment and neighborhood/community support. California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) data from 2011-12 were used to illustrate disparities in health access, income and other areas.
The report also found that Latino children in Spanish-speaking households fare as well or better than children in English-speaking households in terms of family practices that promote a healthy home environment, such as eating meals together daily and living in a non-smoking home.
Some CHIS data in the report:
- Source of health care: 58% of Latino minors from Spanish-speaking households go to clinics for health care, compared to 18% of children from English-speaking households.
- Financial stress: 54% of Latino minors from Spanish-speaking households live in a household at 99% or under of FPL, compared to 20% of Latino children from English-speaking households.
- Mixed families: 91% of Latino minors are U.S.-born citizens, while 36% of their mothers are U.S.-born citizens
Read the report.
Associate Center Director Ninez Ponce will be part of a California Healthcare Foundation briefing in Sacramento today at noon to discuss new research about Medi-Cal enrollees’ access to care before the state’s expansion of Medi-Cal and how to use that information to monitor access to care under health reform.
Discussion will include how Medi-Cal enrollees’ access to care compares to that of Medicaid recipients in other states and to Californians with employer-sponsored insurance.
Other panelists include:
- Janet Coffman, associate professor, UCSF Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies
- Toby Douglas, director, California Department of Health Care Services
- Sharon Long, senior fellow, Urban Institute
- Chris Perrone, director, CHCF Health Reform and Public Programs initiative (moderator)
- Anthony Wright, executive director, Health Access
The panel will respond to audience questions.
Join the briefing online or by telephone here.